Currently, APA recommends that text generated from AI be formatted as "Personal Communication." As such, it receives an in-text citation but not an entry on the References list.
Rule: (Communicator, personal communication, Month Date, Year)
(OpenAI, personal communication, January 16, 2023).
When asked to explain psychology's main schools of thought, OpenAI's ChatGPT's response included ... (personal communication, February 22, 2023).
The Modern Language Association provides detailed guidance on citing generative AI according to their template.
Personal communications are cited in a footnote, but are not listed in the bibliography.
Rule: Number.Originator of the communication, medium, Day Month, Year.
Example: 1 OpenAI's ChatGPT AI language model, response to question from author, 7 February, 2023.
Shortened note rule: NumberCorrespondent's last name, medium
Example: 1 ChatGPT, response to prompt from author
Personal communications are cited within the text, but are not listed in the reference list.
Rule: (Correspondent's Full Name, medium if relevant, Month Day, Year)
Example: (OpenAI's ChatGPT, response to prompt from author, February 22, 2023)
The NLM Style Guide recommends that personal communications are only cited in the text, and are not included in the reference list. Generally, the Vancouver referencing style uses numbered in-text citations, but for personal communications the advice is as follows:
Example: In response to the question ..., OpenAI's ChatGPT gave the following response ... (2023 Feb 22, unreferenced).
The Council of Science Editors recommends treating AI-generated content as personal communication. Personal communication advice is as follows:
Example: I wanted to see how it would respond to a prompt to "create a nonexistent dinosaur" (ChatGPT [OpenAI], response to question from author, 6 April 2023).