If your research involves speaking with an Elder or Knowledge Keeper who has given you permission to quote them, they must be cited. Lorisia MacLeod at NorQuest College Library, in partnership with staff at the NorQuest Indigenous Student Centre, has developed templates for citing Elders and Knowledge Keepers in APA and MLA formats. While these are not officially recognized by APA and MLA, students, instructors, and researchers are encouraged to follow these templates. Unlike other types of personal communication, communications with Elders and Knowledge Keepers should be cited both in-text and in the References or Works Cited.
A media style guide on how to accurately and respectfully reference and describe Indigenous people within news stories, whether they are First Nations, Inuit or Metis. Produced with contributions by Indigenous journalists and scholars including Angela Sterritt, Maureen Googoo, Joyce Hunter, Adam Gaudry, Ossie Michelin and Melody McKiver.