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General Engineering Research Guide

Getting Started with Citation Styles

Welcome to the Citation Styles Guide!


Getting started:  How to use this guide

This guide was created to assist with selecting and correctly using a citation style while writing a paper.  There are many different styles to choose from when working on a paper.  Many fields of study prefer one particular style. Always check with your instructor or syllabus when in doubt!

What is a citation and citation style?

citation is a way of giving credit to individuals for their creative and intellectual works that you used to support your research. A citation can also be used to locate particular sources and combat plagiarism. Typically, a citation can include the author's name, date, location of the publisher, journal title, or DOI (Digital Object Identifer).

citation style dictates the information necessary for a citation and how the information is ordered, as well as punctuation and other formatting.

How do I choose a citation style?

There are many different ways of citing resources from your research. The citation style sometimes depends on the academic discipline involved. For example:

  • APA (American Psychological Association) is used by Education, Psychology, and Sciences
  • MLA (Modern Language Association) style is used by the Humanities
  • Chicago style is generally used by Business, History, and the Fine Arts
  • Vancouver style is used by the Health Sciences
  • CSE (Council of Science Editors) is used primarily by the sciences
  • McGill is typically used in Law

Table of Contents

Click the links below to navigate to the page for the citation style you wish to learn more about. You may also use the tabs on the upper left hand side of the guide.

1. APA
2. MLA
3. Chicago
4. Vancouver
5. CSE
6. McGill
7. Indigenous Style Guide
8. Citation management


APA 7th Edition in Minutes (Videos from Humber College Libraries)