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Business Research Guide

Academic Integrity & Citing Sources

When completing your assignments, you are expected to be contributing to disciplinary knowledge building by sharing your own ideas, evaluations and arguments. In other words you are expected to submit original work and give credit to other peoples' ideas, i.e., citing your sources of ideas.

TIPS:

  1. Acknowledge ALL Sources from which you use ideas. This includes books, journal articles, blogs, e-mail communication, videos, websites, etc.
  2. Take careful notes on what you read and where you found the ideas. 
  3. Always provide a citation when you:
  • Direct quote ideas taken from a source
  • Paraphrase ideas and opinions taken from someone else's work.
  • Summarize ideas taken from someone else's work
  • Present factual information, including statistics or other data – except when the fact is considered common knowledge (i.e. a well known fact like "Donald Trump is the current President of USA").

To cite sources use the citation style recommended by your instructor. The following links provide you with useful quick guides to citing sources using different styles.

Citation Linker

Dalhousie University - Inspiring MindsFind e-Journal

Find articles and journals based on citation information, even if you only know part of the cite.

Citing Data/Statistical Sources

It is important to cite not only the literature consulted but also the data or statistics used. The elements of a data/statistics citation include:

  • Author(s)/Creator
  • Title
  • Year of publication: The date when the statistics/dataset was published or released (rather than the collection or coverage date)
  • Publisher: the data center/repository
  • Any applicable identifier (including edition or version)
  • Availability and access: URL or other location information for the data/statistics

The following links provide you with useful guides to citing statistical data. Use these along with the citation style guide recommended by your instructor.

RefWorks

Mendeley

A free web and desktop based citation manager with components of academic social networking  that can help you organize your research, collaborate with others online, and discover the latest research:
https://www.mendeley.com/

Zotero

A free  and easy-to-use web based citation manager that's great for capturing Web pages and other non-traditional references:
https://www.zotero.org/